Short Essay – Policy-making in the Federal System

The U.S. government’s expansive role in public policy is caught in a swirl of conflicting cross-currents. On the one hand, popular expectations about government’s responsibility to solve problems often exceed the capacity of state and local authorities to respond effectively. On the other hand, policies developed at the national level may not sufficiently reflect the great diversity of interests across the US to be effective at the local level. Moreover, the search for effective policy is further complicated by theoretical debates about the constitutional framework of federalism (e.g., what limits on national power can be derived from the 10th Amendment?).

Select a policy issue that is in the middle of these cross-currents between national, state, and local authority. It must be a policy area other than education (the focus of Discussion One in Week Two). Some examples include: federal health care policy (e.g., Obamacare, Medicaid–not Medicare); federal transportation policy (e.g., federal transportation subsidies); federal highway policy (e.g., federal rules about the minimum drinking age, speed limits, or safety); federal urban planning and renewal policy; federal poverty, welfare and unemployment policies; national security policies that intersect/conflict with local police power; and federal disaster planning and relief. These are only examples. The policy area that you select must have a significant federalism component that requires national, state, and local interaction. It should also involve issues with a strong potential for tension or conflict among different levels of government.

Research and write an essay on a specific policy in the area that you select. (Note: The word “policy” is used interchangeably with the word “program.”) Your essay must:

  1. Clearly identify a specific federal policy (the policy must raise issues of federalism because it requires national, state, and local interaction and invites tension across different levels of government), and summarize the elements of the policy, including the problem it is supposed to solve or improve.
  2. Summarize the history of the policy. In your summary, explain how the policy raises issues of federalism.
  3. Analyze the main pros and cons in debates about the policy.
  4. Evaluate the pros and cons from two perspectives:
    • The policy’s effectiveness. In your evaluation, clearly explain your definition of effectiveness and how it should be measured or determined.
    • The policy’s consistency with the constitutional framework of federalism. In your evaluation, clearly explain your interpretation of American federalism’s constitutional framework and why the federal policy is or is not consistent with it.

Follow these requirements when writing the short essay:

  1. The body of the essay (excluding the title page and reference page) must be at least 750 words long.
  2. The essay must start with a short introductory paragraph which includes a clear thesis statement. The thesis statement must tell readers what the essay will demonstrate.
  3. The essay must end with a short paragraph which includes a conclusion. The conclusion and thesis must be consistent.
  4. The essay must logically develop the thesis in a way that leads to the conclusion, and must be supported by facts, fully explained concepts or assertions, and persuasive reasoning.
  5. The essay must address all subtopics outlined above. At least 20% of the essay must focus on subtopic six, listed above (your evaluation of the various pros and cons about the policy).
  6. Your essay must cite at least one academic article found in the Ashford Online Library and at least three other kinds of sources (e.g., Supreme Court opinions, magazine or newspaper articles, the course textbook, and reliable websites).
  7. Use your own words. While brief quotes from sources may be used, altogether the total amount of quoted text must be less than five percent of the body of your essay.
  8. When you use someone else’s words, they must be enclosed in quotation marks followed by an APA in-text short citation (author, year, and page) to your source. The in-text citation must correspond to a full APA citation for the source on the reference page at the end of the essay.
  9. When you express someone else’s ideas, arguments, or facts in your own words, your statement must be followed by an APA in-text short citation (author, year, and page) to your source. The in-text citation must correspond to a full APA citation for the source in the reference page.
  10. The form of the title page, the body pages, and the reference page must comply with APA style. Additionally, the title page must include the course number and name, the instructor’s name, and the date submitted.
  11. The essay must use logical paragraph and sentence transitions, complete and clear sentences, and correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

For information regarding APA, including samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar in your online course.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Essay Help USA
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Communication Strategies
nice one. as always, thanks
Customer 453288, June 8th, 2019
Finance
completed
Customer 453300, February 21st, 2021
Nursing
Thanks it's an ideal research proposal for my project
Customer 453063, January 4th, 2022
Nursing
Good attempt.
Customer 453041, February 14th, 2021
Marketing
Paper was done on time and it was of high quality. That's why the maximum score.
Customer 453150, May 1st, 2018
Finance
Great insights. You deep analysis always helps me to get excellent grades. I'M SAYING YOUR WORK IS PERFECT!!!!!!!!
Customer 453150, April 30th, 2018
Nursing
The writer is doing an exceptional job since I started using him yesterday
Customer 453041, October 13th, 2021
Linguistics
Great choice of topic, nicely done in prose form. The references and in-text citations are on point too. I like your professionalism guys!!!!!!
Customer 453250, April 27th, 2018
Psychology
Outstanding work right there!
Customer 453151, August 19th, 2019
Marketing
i got it. thank you.
Customer 453017, March 26th, 2019
Education
Amazing writers. Their academic writing experience illuminates right across all thier projects.
Customer 453250, January 31st, 2020
Psychology
writer did well
Customer 453280, October 18th, 2019
11,595
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
37%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
Show more