Harmful Effects of Clear Cutting in Regards to Erosion


Paper details:Each student will submit a 3-5 page term paper on the assigned topic. If there is a topic that a student is interested in, please contact me to review appropriateness. The term paper is due by the end of week 8 of the term. Upload into Bb (preferred) or email to the instructor. ◦Headers and other organizational elements are required. A template is provided with the term paper instructions on Bb. ◦Use 1-inch margins and 1.5 line spacing with 12 point Times New Roman or similar formatting. ◦The paper must be at least 3 full pages long and no more than 5 pages. The title page and reference section do not count toward the page count. ◦The paper should be free of spelling and grammar errors. ◦The term paper should have in-text citations and corresponding reference section. References should follow APA (American Psychological Association) style. ◾A minimum of five (5) different citations are required. ◾They should be primarily be scientific and/or government journals, websites, or books. Up to one (1) may be a online reference source such as Wikipedia.       Use the term paper to explore using the scientific method. The paper should have the following sections: 1.Discuss what you assumed you knew about the subject prior to starting the research (your hypothesis), 2.answer what you learned about your subject, and 3.discuss what was different from your initial understanding and how the research has changed your opinion, if that is the case.   Topics are to be selected from the following unless otherwise arranged: •The biological process of how red tide occurs •Harmful effects of clear cutting in regards to erosion •Microlending in the third world (in regards to environmental sustainability) •Induced growth and the growth management act (in regards to environment and forestry) Note: A sample of what your paper should look like is attached.




Course Information


Introduction. 1

What I knew before. 1

Research. 2

Conclusion. 3

Works Cited. i


Trees and forest cover are fundamental to our survival as human beings on planet earth. They provide us with everything we need to sustain our existence, ranging from food products to energy resources. Moreover, they provide oxygen and absorb carbon dioxide in the air, provide habitats for animals and livelihoods for humans, promote ecological balance, prevent flooding, prevent soil erosion and contribute to the fight against global warming (Freidland, Relyea & Courard, 2012). In spite of these obvious benefits, human beings continue to destroy forest cover through various ways such as clear-cutting. Consequently, half the topsoil on the planet has been lost in the last 150 years (Rana, 2013).


According to the Oregon Forest Research Institute (OFRI), clear cutting (also known as clear felling or clear cut logging) is defined as a logging practice whereby most or all trees are uniformly cut down in a single operation in an area and later replanted within two years (Freidland, Relyea & Courard-Hauri, 2012). Logging and construction companies tend to prefer clear cutting as a method of harvesting timber because it is cheap and highly efficient. I have always been very passionate about environmental conservation, and so, my love and concern for the planet has led me to choose this topic. This paper seeks to discuss the harmful effects of clear cutting in regards to soil erosion.

What I knew before

I have always known clear cutting to be a major cause of global warming and desertification. The level of destruction arising from this practice is so severe that I consider the problem to have gotten out of control. I tend to associate it with deforestation, which entails the permanent cutting down of trees and forests in order to make the land available for other uses. The worldwide demand for timber and wood is on the rise because more buildings are being constructed to accommodate the ever-rising population (Keenan & Kimmins, 1993). Due to their abundance, logging and construction companies are turning to natural forests as a source of hardwood and softwood. Authorities, especially in developing countries, are barely able to control logging activities and are reluctant in passing laws to prevent deforestation. This is largely due to bribery and corruption where some government officials are promised a share of the cut if they turn a blind eye to these sometimes illegal activities (Rana, 2013). This laxity by country officials is quickly accelerating deforestation, soil erosion and desertification as a whole. Furthermore, I know that there is a thin line between clear cutting and desertification particularly in countries facing governance problems in the management of forest resources. 


Clear cutting is one of the leading causes of soil erosion worldwide. It aims at creating certain types of forests and to promote specific types of trees that need a lot of sunshine. It is also increasingly being used to clear land for agricultural purposes. Clear cutting can be done in several ways, including the standard clear cut, strip clear cut, patch clear cut, clear-cutting with reserves, selection cutting and slash and burn. The standard clear cut involves removing every tree in the targeted area while the patch clear cut entails removing all the trees in a small area. Strip clear cutting is cutting trees in a row and clear cutting with reserves is cutting majority of the trees and saving a few for other purposes. The slash and burn method entails cutting trees for farming especially in highly populated areas while selection cutting is cutting down trees to be used as timber or to sustain the ecology (Patric, 1976).

Following the cutting down of the trees, nothing is normally left to hold down the soil; therefore, riverbanks erode and deposit sediments into the water creating excess nutrients and increasing the acidity of the water, thus, killing aquatic organisms. A study carried out by the University of Oregon indicates that in certain zones, areas that were clear cut had nearly thrice as much soil erosion than other areas due to landslides (Freidland, Relyea & Courard-Hauri, 2012). Roads constructed during clear cutting redistribute the soil and rocks and leave deep tire marks on the soil thereby interrupting normal surface drainage and making the soil even more prone to erosion. Moreover, it takes away bacteria, worms and fungi that maintain and treat the soil and by extension, reducing the amount of nutrients in the soil leading to under-nutrition of other forest plants.


Besides, Clear cut logging leads to degraded lands which are less likely to hold and absorb water, thus, causing or even worsening flooding. This is especially risky in low-lying areas or in tropical countries where floods are common (Mohr, Coppus, Iroume, Huber & Bronstert, 2013). At the same time, the destruction of forested areas causes the soil to be unstable, such that even when different types of crops are planted on the same land years later, they turn out to be of low quality and produce fewer yields. This reduces the amount of food and seeds available leading to depletion of seed banks and food shortages. The resulting problem of soil erosion leads to the destruction of habitats, endangerment of many species and ultimately, their extinction.


The knowledge I acquired from this research goes hand in hand with the knowledge I had before concerning soil erosion, deforestation and clear cutting. Degradation of the environment and the eventual emergence of deserts is caused by human greed and people’s desire to create more lands for economic exploitation. However, contrary to what I thought before, clear cutting can be controlled or even prevented altogether if we humans make concerted efforts towards this goal. Afforestation measures should be carried out in an aggressive manner. Relevant authorities and government officials should make laws and amend existing ones to protect natural resources with emphasis on the imposition of stiff penalties to those who carry out illegal logging activities. On the other hand, home builders and commercial developers should be encouraged to use alternative building materials such as cement or synthetic fiber in order to cut down on the demand for timber. Besides, environmentalists should lobby for the creation national parks and forest reserves where endangered species of trees and animals can be protected from wanton destruction.

Works Cited

Freidland, A., Relyea, R. & Courard-Hauri D. (2012). Environmental Science: Foundations and Applications. London: Macmillan.

Keenan, R. J & Kimmins, J.P. (1993). The ecological effects of clear cutting. Environmental Reviews, 1(2), 121-144.

Mohr, C.H., Coppus, R., Iroume, A., Huber A. & Bronstert A. (2013) Runoff generation and soil erosion processes after clear cutting. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 814-831.

Patric, J. H. (1976). Soil erosion in the eastern forest: Journal of Forestry, 74(10), 671-677.

Rana, S.V., (2013). Essentials of ecology and environmental science. New York, NY: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Essay Help USA
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Excellent always.
Customer 453041, December 3rd, 2021
Timely adn well written
Customer 453250, February 28th, 2020
Thank you admin for following up with the writer regarding my queries.
Customer 453250, December 13th, 2020
Customer 453250, June 28th, 2019
Thank you for helping me with your expertise.
Customer 453250, January 31st, 2020
thank you so much. It was so beautifully done. I think I am getting to understand this course better from you than from my clumsy professor.
Customer 453041, July 27th, 2021
As always, super-efficient service. Thank you so very much
Customer 453250, August 10th, 2019
The high mark denotes my satisfaction.
Customer 453041, March 18th, 2021
completed. Please check
Customer 453300, January 25th, 2021
fantastic work!
Customer 453250, September 7th, 2018
Thanks for being extremely fast and for keeping me updated every step of the way. Thank you so much!
Customer 453250, August 22nd, 2019
Thank you for submitting to the portal
Customer 453041, January 15th, 2022
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
Show more