Annotated Bibliography

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Question

SOCIOLOGY 220
American Popular Culture
Annotated Bibliography (100 points):

Due no later than 11:55p on Sunday of Week 7

Purpose: The purpose of this assignment is for students to

1) Identify and learn about a subtopic in American Popular Culture that is of interest to them;
2) become familiar with the online library resources; and
3) to develop some information literacy skills.

Students will develop an Annotated Bibliography based on a topic in American Popular Culture that is of interest to them. A minimum of 5 peer-reviewed sources and 5 popular and/or open-web sources will need to be used in the bibliography. **An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a brief descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation. The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance and quality of the sources cited.**


The completed assignment will include:

1) List the topic in American Popular Culture that you chose to investigate for this assignment. (e.g. symbolic interactionism, doing gender, socialization over life course, mental illness, prejudice, etc.)
2) List of search terms you used in your searches (e.g. sport, sociology, “popular culture”)
3) Annotated entries for a minimum of 5 peer-reviewed articles and 5 popular and/or open-web sources  (see below for what should be included in each entry)


Each source entry should include the following:

1) APA-formatted full reference for the source

2) Brief description of the source

3) Evaluation of where the source came from – i.e. peer-reviewed journal, blog, website, etc.
4) Brief discussion of how the source is relevant to your topic of interest

5) Brief discussion of the source’s strengths and weaknesses

ASSIGNMENT 3: Annotated Bibliography Grading Rubric (max. 100 points)

Category

Excellent

Good

Average

Below Average

Failing

Correct APA format-20

All entries are correctly formatted 20

Minor errors in APA formatting of citations 19

Multiple errors in APA formatting of citations 17

Missing some citations and errors in APA formatting 16

0-10

Description-20

Detailed description

20

Needs

some elaboration

19

Needs more detail 15

No detail provided.

 

16

0-10

Evaluation-20

20

19

17

16

0-10

Relevance-20

Clearly explains how relevant to topic 20

Needs

some elaboration 19

Needs more detail

17

No detail provided 16

0-10

Strengths and Weaknesses-20

Discusses strengths and weaknesses 20

Needs more elaboration

19

Needs more detail

17

Mentions no strengths and weaknesses 16

0-10

Total:

100

 

 

 

 

Answer

Annotated Bibliography: Culture, Racism, and Ethnicity

Search terms used:ethnicity, ethnic identity, culture, racial discrimination, racial identity, African-American culture, racism.

Vanhanen, T. (2012). Ethnic conflict and violence in heterogeneous societies. The Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies, 37(1), 38-66.

The peer-reviewed article researches and expounds on social, political, and economic issues affecting ethnic conflict. It discusses various theories explaining the origin of ethnic differences. For example, the invisible territorial boundaries are often created based on ethnic factors. Moreover, aspects of ethnic origin and progression have been outlined properly in this article. However, this source is inconclusive and does not give any concrete solutions for ethnic conflict. Thus, the source is important due to facts and is not recommended to be used as a basis for making recommendations.

Jinks, D. (1997). Essays in refusal: Pre-theoretical commitments in postmodern anthropology and critical race theory. The Yale Law Journal, 107(2), 499-528.

The article is an analysis of postmodernism and critical race theory. The source can be used to help a researcher make a direct connection between postmodernism, anthropology, and critical race theory by chronologically explaining the evolution of these issues from the earliest forms of socialization to the current race situation. However, the source lacks simplicity, making it difficult to draw conclusions from it. Its facts have been presented in a complex manner using indirect language.

Freshman, C. (2002). Prevention perspectives on “different” kinds of discrimination: From attacking different “isms” to promoting acceptance in critical race theory: Law and economics, and empirical research. Stanford Law Review, 55(6), 2293-2347.

The article explains various form of discrimination, racism being among them. This peer-reviewed article does not concentrate on the analysis of issues relating to discriminative acts themselves, but rather on finding and implementing proceduresfor preventing them. However, the source fails to portray the actual impact of the discrimination by romanticizing the concept and the reality it portends for its victims.

James, C. (2002). Religion/ spirituality in African–American culture: An essential aspect ofpsychiatric care. Journal of the National Medical Association, 94(5), 371–375.

The article has been obtained from a peer-reviewed journal that examines how religion and spirituality influence health. In this article, there is an explanation of the religious characteristics of the African-American culture.This community’s religious beliefs are traced back to historical African culture and the modification of adopted religions such as Christianity and Islam. It examines how African Americans have incorporated religious beliefs in treatment procedures. The article has successfully portrayed correlation between health and religious beliefs in regards to the African-American culture. However, the source does not provide an in-depth analysis of the role of religion in bringing about cultural differences.

William, R. & Gross, E. (2016). Maternal warmth: A re-examination of the role race and socio-economic status play. Taylor and Francis Online, Web.

The source originates from an online academic repository specializing in aspects of culture, race, ethnicity, and socialism using a cause-and-effect perspective. The article is about how maternal upbringing in different cultures and ethnic groups has created far-reaching social differences in various communities.It summarizes aspects of socio-economic status and its influence on social and emotional risks for children. According to the authors, these risks are normally transferred to the wider society later on through social participation. Although the source does not elaborate on aspects of interdependence in regards to race, culture, and social progression, its analysis can be used to make predictions and recommendations on the measures that should be taken to deal with race-related problems such as discrimination.

Egede, E. (2006). Race, ethnicity, culture and disparities in healthcare.Journal of General Internal Medicine, 21(6), 667–669.

This article is an explanation of racial and ethnic disparities in the healthcare system and why minority groups are receiving poor health care. It explains that the contemporary healthcare system has locked minority groups out of medical care access. This situation has been contributed to by social beliefs among these minorities, who only seek medical care as a measure of last resort. However, even for those who do, high medical costs and lack of medical insurance cover pose a major problem. To provide a practical dimension, three studies on racial and ethnic forces in healthcare have been provided. Each component is studied separately and recommendations are made. The study calls for further research on how these factors are defining healthcare today. However, it neither takes a stand nor suggests alternative solutions deviating from conventional approach to health care access issues.

Shah, A. (2010). Racism. Global Issues, Web.

This article groups racism based on continental differences, such that racial problems in Europe are discussed independently of those in Australia, Africa, Middle East, Asia, and North America. It also explores the issue based on various themes, including immigration, globalization, and the Internet. Moreover, it provides a firm foundation for an understanding of how ancient practices created racism and how the phenomenon took shape during the slavery era.The source is relevant since it provides strong facts about the history of racism worldwide.

Chalabi, M. (2015). We are all racist. But racism by white people matters more. The Guardian, 5 October, 2015, Web.

This source takes a peculiar approach and reveals what constitutes facts even though it has so often been ignored: racism is not only directed to minority groups but also to majority ones as well. The author confidently argues that almost everyone has discriminated against someone else on basis of racial identity. This article dismisses genetic composition as the sole cause of ethnic and racial bias. Rather, he suggests that socialization attitudes constitute the main cause of this social problem. This source is very innovative; it suggests that white victims of racism require as much attention as non-white ones. This source’s major weakness is that it lacks a clear voice by victimizing white individuals who face racial discrimination.

Shoichet, C. (2015). Is racism on the rise? More in U.S. say it’s a ‘big problem,’ CNN/KFF poll finds. November 25, 2015, Web.

The article discusses a nationwide survey that was conducted in collaboration with Kaiser Family Foundation, which showed that close to half of the American population believes that racism is a bigger problem now than it was a few decades ago. This research enlightens us on a new form of silent racism that is slowly infiltrating the education system, workplace, and religious environments. Recent racially motivated attacks  such as the Fergusson uprising  have also raised concern on underlying racial issues that remain unresolved. The report is successful in revealing that racism is still a major challenge and that it has only taken on new dimensions.

Hirsch, A. (2015). Workplace racism is on the rise – We need action, not lip service. The Guardian, November 10, 2015.

This online source focuses on the issue of the under-represented minority groups across all professions. Its author states that even those who are employed continue to face racial bullying in both subtle and obvious forms. Wages, salaries, and employee status seem to be informed by racial and cultural considerations in small ways that carry huge, long-term effects. The article has provided plausible solutions although some questions may be raised regarding their applicability for long-term racial freedom.

References

Chalabi, M. (2015). We are all racist. But racism by white people matters more. The Guardian

Egede, E. (2006). Race, ethnicity, culture and disparities in healthcare. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 21(6), 667–669.

Freshman, C. (2002). Prevention perspectives on “different” kinds of discrimination: From attacking different “isms” to promoting acceptance in critical race theory: Law and economics, and empirical research. Stanford Law Review, 55(6), 2293-2347.

Hirsch, A. (2015). Workplace racism is on the rise – We need action, not lip service. The Guardian

James, C. (2002). Religion/ spirituality in African–American culture: An essential aspect ofpsychiatric care. Journal of the National Medical Association, 94(5), 371–375.

Jinks, D. (1997). Essays in refusal: Pre-theoretical commitments in postmodern anthropology and critical race theory. The Yale Law Journal, 107(2), 499-528.

Shah, A. (2010). Racism. Global Issues

Shoichet, C. (2015). Is racism on the rise? More in U.S. say it’s a ‘big problem,’ CNN/KFF poll finds. November 25, 2015

Vanhanen, T. (2012). Ethnic conflict and violence in heterogeneous societies. The Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies, 37(1), 38-66.

William, R. & Gross, E. (2016). Maternal warmth: A re-examination of the role race and socio-economic status play. Taylor and Francis Online.

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