Leadership Studies

Our professional essay writing service helps you get control over your studies
Get started Order in Chat
10+
Years of experience
53k
Papers prepared
4.8/5
Customer satisfaction

Question

# Select two leadership theories discussed in this course, and give a brief summary of the findings in your research. (TTRAIT LEADERSHIP THEORY AND SITUATIONAL LEADERSHIP THEORY)
#Provide a critical analysis of scholarly works on this theory (use at least 3–5 scholarly works).
# Identify conflicts or criticism of the theories found in your work.
#Determine if there are gaps in the literature, and propose the potential for further scholarly research topics.
# Compare and contrast different perspectives on the theories.
#Summarize your own perspective on the theories. 

PLEASE ENSURE THAT ANSWERS ARE PROVIDED FOR ITEMIZED LIST ABOVE.

Use APA format for your literature review.

Answer

Critical Review of Leadership Theories

  1. Select two leadership theories discussed in this course, and give a brief summary of the findings in your research (trait leadership theory and situational leadership theory)

The trait leadership theory focuses on the personality attributes that are believed to be closely related to a person’s effectiveness as a leader. Some of the personality traits associated with leadership effectiveness in this theory include physical vitality, task competence, emotional intelligence, need for achievement, self-confidence, assertiveness, flexibility, courage, and readiness to accept responsibility.

ORDER A PAPER LIKE THIS NOW

On the other hand, situational leadership theory is based on the view that the effectiveness of a leader is contingent on the extent to which he is able to modify his behavior to suit the level of maturity and sophistication exhibited by subordinates. This theory states that an effective leader must come up with different mixes of the directive and supportive behavior, leading to four leadership behaviors: telling, selling, participating, and delegating behaviors. Telling behavior is characterized by low supportive behavior and high directive behavior while selling behavior involves high supportive behavior and high directive behavior. Participating behavior involves high supportive behavior and low directive behavior while delegating leadership entails both low supportive and low directive behavior.

  • Provide a critical analysis of scholarly works on this theory

Trait theory provides crucial insights into leadership qualities that top management teams should look for when setting out to mentor a new breed of leaders within an organization. However, the theory has its fair share of weaknesses. To begin with, the theory has no clear hypothesis, which makes it look poorly articulated (Zaccaro, 2007). For instance, there is no consensus on the number of personality traits that effective leaders should possess. Moreover, it is sometimes difficult to distinguish between those personality traits that are possessed by leaders and the ones that are possessed by followers. This point is well captured by Lussier&Achua (2013), who argue that although many leadership traits have been identified in trait theory, all of them have exceptions. In other words, most of the leadership-related personality traits are shared by both leaders and followers, something that greatly weakens the validity of the theory.

The situational leadership theory is equally important for an organization. It offers guidelines on the various ways in which a manager should assess his situation and adapt his style of leadership accordingly. According to Silverthorne& Wang (2001), companies whose managers employ situational leadership tend to achieve more success than those whose managers do not use the theory. However, there are several negative aspects of the theory that leaders should know. One negative side of the theory is that it can easily promote behavioral inconsistency among leaders. This occurs whenever a leader unsuccessfully tries to alter his personality in order to adapt to different situations. Behavioral inconsistency brings confusion among followers who may know what to expect from their leader from time to time.

  • Identify conflicts or criticism of the theories found in your work

In my work, trait theory is seen to pose a conflict in the sense that it is difficult to measure and comprehend personality traits. Followers are likely to refuse to offer any respect to a leader within who they feel they share the same personality traits. Such followers may feel disgruntled by the thought that they have everything it takes to become leaders yet no one has recognized and rewarded those abilities. Conversely, the theory easily encourages leaders to entertain the thought that leadership is theirs by right. This is because the theory emphasizes that many of the personality traits that make great leaders are an integral part of the leaders’ genetic makeup.

One major criticism of situational leadership theory that is evident in my work is that the method is sometimes considered a management technique and not an actual style of leadership (Graeff, 1997). This is simply because it focuses on a short-range view of the organization and its objectives. Leadership should be about nurturing a long-range view of the vision that the organization seeks to actualize. The theory fails to take cognizance of the fact that followers are always changing in terms of knowledge, maturity, intelligence, experience, level of commitment, and loyalty to the organization. Those followers who are inexperienced and unmotivated today will soon become highly experienced, skilled, intelligent, and motivated members of the organization. A leader who relies on situational leadership is likely to face numerous challenges in efforts to convince such a follower why he has switched from telling to delegating behavior. Such a follower may get the impression that the situational leader is after all not a leader but a manager who likes to dispense with short-term challenges instead of having his sights persistently trained on long-range organizational planning.

  • Determine if there are gaps in the literature, and propose the potential for further scholarly research topics

There is a gap in the literature on trait leadership theory. The theory states that people with certain personality traits, acquired through genetic makeup, will make more effective leaders (DeRue, Nahrgang, Wellman, Humphrey, 2011). At the same time, the theory entertains the idea that leadership abilities can be acquired through behavioral training, although this is a difficult endeavor(DeRue, Nahrgang, Wellman, Humphrey, 2011). Thus, the theory is not clear on whether leadership is about personality traits, behavior, or both. Future research topics on trait theory should provide an answer to the question of whether it is possible to find a leader who is effective solely by virtue personality trait (genetic makeup) and another who is effective solely by virtue of training (behavioral change).

ORDER A PAPER LIKE THIS NOW

Regarding situational leadership, gaps in literature manifest themselves on the issues of continuity, conformity, and consistency (McCleskey, 2014). Future research topics need to offer solutions on how a leader can use the situational leadership method and still maintain consistency in the way he projects his personality and behavior towards followers. The research topics must also address various conceptual ambiguities and contradictions associated with the theory.

  • Compare and contrast different perspectives on the theories

In trait theory researchers are preoccupied with the personality traits of the leader while in situational leadership theory, they are preoccupied with the behavioral characteristics of followers. Trait theories outline the personality traits that can lead to leadership effectiveness while situational leadership theory calls upon leaders to keep changing their behavior towards followers depending on the prevailing situation. However, both theories are similar in the sense that they examine various ways of influencing the actions of followers with the objective of achieving leadership effectiveness.

  • Summary of my own perspective on the theories

Trait leadership theory can be an effective tool for enabling company founders and top executives to identify those middle-level managers and supervisors that they can nurture and mentor to become future organizational leaders. On the other hand, situational leadership theory should be applied by novice leaders who want a simplistic guide on how to handle different groups. The theory may be less applicable in situations where experienced leaders are routinely faced with the challenges of task complexity and time constraints.

References

DeRue, D., Nahrgang, J., Wellman, N. Humphrey, E. (2011). Trait and behavioral theories of leadership: An integration and meta-analytic test of their relative validity. Personnel Psychology, 3, 118-127.

Graeff, C. (1997). Evolution of Situational Leadership Theory: A Critical Review. Leadership Quarterly, 8(2), 153-170.

Lussier, R. &Achua, C. (2013). Leadership: Theory, Application, & Skill Development. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.

McCleskey, J. (2014). Situational, Transformational, and Transactional Leadership and Leadership Development. Journal of Business Studies Quarterly,5(4), 117-130.

Silverthorne, C. & Wang, T. (2001). Situational Leadership Style as a Predictor of Success and Productivity among Taiwanese Business Organizations. The Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 135(4), 399-412.

Zaccaro, S. (2007). Trait-based perspectives of leadership.American Psychologist,62(1), 6-16.

Guarantees
What you will get
Professional writers
Our strict writer selection process ensures that only professional college essay writers, subject-matter experts with MA and higher degrees work on your orders.
100% confidentiality
Your personal data is in no way shared with third parties. Writers also do not have access to it. We require your email address for login and notification purposes only.
Affordable prices
Essay Help USA is a cheap essay writing service offering the best balance between quality and price. Regular customers enjoy special discounts, deals, and other perks.
Original content
We guarantee plagiarism-free work and that your custom college papers will pass Turnitin. Since Turnitin saves all files, we check papers with Copyleaks and Copyscape.
NEVER TRIED A WRITING SERVICE BEFORE?
Here's why students opt for our essay writing company
Hiring a qualified paper writer is one of the best ways to improve your academic writing skills and do better in class.
Lack of time
GPA concerns
Tough topic
Trust issues
When 24 hours is not enough
Most of the students approach us when they are overworked, work in parallel with studies, do internships, and do not have enough time for everything. So, we are their problem solvers and even offer super short 1-3 hour deadlines for emergency requests.
Quick turnaround time. You will receive your
paper before the deadline.
Get started Order in Chat
When grades need a boost
Our experts can help improve your performance and earn you a maximum grade. This is made possible due to the strict quality control, writers' rating system, adherence to requirements, proper formatting, access to all academic databases, credible and up-to-date sources.
Only credible sources. Your work will be based on reputable
sources that provide factual information on the topic.
Get started Order in Chat
When getting help is the best option
Sometimes you can get stuck on a topic, may not be able to find adequate sources, or access to such sources can be too expensive. That's when extra help might be the most valuable tactic to save nerves and meet the deadline with a high-quality paper.
All copyrights belong to you. You can use the delivered
samples in any way you choose.
Get started Order in Chat
When reliable service is needed
We cover almost all types of work, regardless of their complexity. That is why our service is used by college, high school, undergraduate, MA, and Ph.D. students from the USA, UK, and other regions. Besides, we partner with safe payment methods and provide a transparent refund policy.
Money-back guarantee. We will return your money
if you are not satisfied with the result.
Get started Order in Chat
Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Essay Help USA
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Linguistics
good
Customer 453250, September 23rd, 2018
Linguistics
Thanks for the constant updates, amazing research, and excellent service. not bad.
Customer 453250, November 10th, 2018
Nursing
Thank you.
Customer 453041, November 24th, 2021
Nursing
academic essay writing with a difference.
Customer 453063, December 23rd, 2021
Nursing
I laud your work
Customer 453041, December 11th, 2021
Nursing
Your writing service is making a lot of difference. I am progressing faster in my academic programs. thank you.
Customer 453041, January 22nd, 2020
Accounting
Mhank you for a job well done. I got Many more on the way...
Customer 453154, December 6th, 2017
Education
it's awesome
Customer 453250, June 2nd, 2020
Accounting
The work is good. I did'nt know you have accounting writers. I will be ordering more assignments for my accounting class henceforth.
Customer 453200, August 5th, 2019
Nursing
Everything went well. does your company offer poweriont presentations?
Customer 453041, September 10th, 2021
Accounting
Very well done. Zero complaints! Much appreciated!
Customer 453300, June 16th, 2020
Nursing
Excellent Excellent Excellent
Customer 453041, October 4th, 2021
11,595
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
37%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
Show more