Political Science Paper

Our professional essay writing service helps you get control over your studies
Get started Order in Chat
Years of experience
Papers prepared
Customer satisfaction


Please provide a comprehensive—clear, logical, coherent, and empirically supported—answer to the following essay question:
Between the years 1915 and 1922 Great Britain embarked upon a series of conflicting initiatives and agreements that shaped the landscape of the Middle East and simultaneously became fertile grounds for intense and protracted conflicts. Identify and very briefly explain the factors underlying Great Britain’s behavior. List and explain these agreements, examine their impact on the nature and scope of Middle Eastern state boundaries, and analyze the extent to which these agreements have advanced or impeded the processes of state formation and nation building in the Middle East.


Government and Politics of the Middle East

The aim of this paper is to discuss the agreements that Great Britain made between 1915- 1922 which affected governance in the Middle East by creating a rift between Muslim nations in the region. A stable government is an essential element for a successful nation while an unstable one is characterized by weak governance. Nevertheless, as demonstrated by the history of the Middle East during the early twentieth century, a stable nation can become unstable especially if its members are divided along religious lines (Fisher 59). The agreements Great Britain made divided the Muslims of the Middle East, hence, thereby affecting nation-building in the region for years to come (Osman).

            To begin with, oil was one of the factors that influenced Great Britain to come up with agreements affecting the Middle East nations. The British realized that by become an authority in the region, it easily be able to dominate other countries due to its control over the Middle East’s oil wealth. Moreover, control over the Middle East would lead to the development of British industries through the use of oil instead of coal for production of commodities. Furthermore, the British would expand their Middle East colony by controlling the Ottoman Empire given that they already had control over India and Egypt. Therefore, the British behavior was grounded primarily on the quest for power and the need to improve their status in the world in terms economic dominance. Unfortunately, the achievement of this objective came at the expense of the structure and lifestyle of the people of the Middle East.

            To explain the developments in the Middle East, the British made three agreements: the Sykes-Picot agreement, the Arab Agreement, and the Belfour Declaration. The Sykes-Picot agreement was made between the British and the French. Its aim was to divide the Arab world between the two powers. Great Britain was to control the current nations of Iraq, Jordan, and Kuwait, while France was to control Syria, Lebanon, and Southern Turkey. On the other hand, the Arab agreement was made with the rebel Arabs seeking to fight the Ottoman Empire. Upon winning the war, the Arabs would acquire their own kingdom while the British would achieve their goal of dominating the Middle East Empire. The final agreement the British made was with the Zionists, and was called the Belfour Declaration. Under this agreement, the Zionists would acquire the Palestine land and use it to establish a Jewish State.  However, none of the parties acquired what they wanted in full; therefore, conflict erupted between different groups. However, Great Britain achieved many of its goals as it was given authority to control some parts of the Middle East by the League of Nations. Hence, although the agreements led to conflicts, British succeeded in becoming a dominant force in the Middle East (Simon and Terijan 54).

            Additionally, the Arab agreement conflicted with the Sykes-Picot agreement as the Arabs could not acquire their kingdom at a time when the French wanted to dominate parts of the Middle East. Similarly, the Belfour declaration conflicted with the Arab agreement as the former provided for the introduction Zionism in the Middle East. Bring Zionism in the region would easily trigger religious conflict in the Arab world. The League of Nations also accentuated the conflict by creating borders without putting into consideration different cultural practices of local communities. Moreover, the League of Nations appointed Great Britain and France to control many parts of the Middle East, meaning Arabs were denied an opportunity to exercise authority over their native kingdoms (Louis 8).

            All parties were greatly affected by the agreements, although Muslims living in the Middle East suffered the most. Separating members of the same communities brought about severe social disruption. Therefore, it was difficult to build states based on the boundaries that were set. The affected state boundaries led to the sluggish rate of development as well as the emergence of armed conflict the region. Moreover, the restrictions which were introduced in the states, for example, in the realm of trade, greatly contributed to economic decline. Prior to the establishment of these boundaries, the region was an epicenter of free trade that greatly contribution to regional financial stability. In efforts to rebel against the British, many Middle Eastern economies adopted socialism which hindered civic and political freedom. The development of the states was hindered by restrictions on the adoption of a capitalistic approach to business. Furthermore, the development of these countries in terms of political stability was slow due to restricted political freedom that characterized socialism. This curtailment of political freedom also contributed to political conflicts in the Middle East.

            For these reasons, Great Britain played a critical role in the emergence of conflicts that have continued to affect the Middle East throughout the twentieth century. In this regard, of particular important is the series of conflicting initiatives and agreements that it introduced in the region between the years 1915 and 1922, which played an integral part in the political development of the countries in the Middle East for years to come. The three conflicting agreements affected the structure of the Middle East and the socio-economic and political development of the nations in the region. Today’s sluggish economic development of Arab nations in the region may be blamed on the rift that arose among the Muslims due to the implementation of those agreements.

Works Cited

Fisher, John. Curzon and British Imperialism in the Middle East, 1916-19. London: Franc Cass, 1999. Print.

Louis, William. The British Empire in the Middle East, 1945- 1951: Arab Nationalism, the United States, and Postwar Imperialism. Oxford University Press, 1984. Print.

Osman, Tarek. “Why Border Lines Drawn With a Ruler in WW1 Still Rock the Middle East.” BBC News. December 14, 2013. Web.

Simon, Reeva and Terijan, Eleanor. The Creation of Iraq, 1914- 1921. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004. Print.

What you will get
Professional writers
Our strict writer selection process ensures that only professional college essay writers, subject-matter experts with MA and higher degrees work on your orders.
100% confidentiality
Your personal data is in no way shared with third parties. Writers also do not have access to it. We require your email address for login and notification purposes only.
Affordable prices
Essay Help USA is a cheap essay writing service offering the best balance between quality and price. Regular customers enjoy special discounts, deals, and other perks.
Original content
We guarantee plagiarism-free work and that your custom college papers will pass Turnitin. Since Turnitin saves all files, we check papers with Copyleaks and Copyscape.
Here's why students opt for our essay writing company
Hiring a qualified paper writer is one of the best ways to improve your academic writing skills and do better in class.
Lack of time
GPA concerns
Tough topic
Trust issues
When 24 hours is not enough
Most of the students approach us when they are overworked, work in parallel with studies, do internships, and do not have enough time for everything. So, we are their problem solvers and even offer super short 1-3 hour deadlines for emergency requests.
Quick turnaround time. You will receive your
paper before the deadline.
Get started Order in Chat
When grades need a boost
Our experts can help improve your performance and earn you a maximum grade. This is made possible due to the strict quality control, writers' rating system, adherence to requirements, proper formatting, access to all academic databases, credible and up-to-date sources.
Only credible sources. Your work will be based on reputable
sources that provide factual information on the topic.
Get started Order in Chat
When getting help is the best option
Sometimes you can get stuck on a topic, may not be able to find adequate sources, or access to such sources can be too expensive. That's when extra help might be the most valuable tactic to save nerves and meet the deadline with a high-quality paper.
All copyrights belong to you. You can use the delivered
samples in any way you choose.
Get started Order in Chat
When reliable service is needed
We cover almost all types of work, regardless of their complexity. That is why our service is used by college, high school, undergraduate, MA, and Ph.D. students from the USA, UK, and other regions. Besides, we partner with safe payment methods and provide a transparent refund policy.
Money-back guarantee. We will return your money
if you are not satisfied with the result.
Get started Order in Chat
Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Essay Help USA
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Thank you for helping me. Pleased with the kind of paper you've delivered.
Customer 453250, February 15th, 2019
The work is nicely organized. The writer's definitely a pro.
Customer 453178, July 25th, 2018
I approve. thank you.
Customer 453202, September 25th, 2019
Customer 453041, March 4th, 2022
I cant thank the writer enough for the research questions created whose answers I am searching.
Customer 453063, January 4th, 2022
I appreciate the deep research and careful editing that went into making my paper a fine masterpiece.
Customer 453154, January 21st, 2018
Thanks. such a quick and efficient writer.
Customer 452565, November 25th, 2017
Good project paper. well articulated. thank you team.
Customer 453049, May 20th, 2020
Case Study
Customer 453151, June 25th, 2019
Customer 453148, April 5th, 2019
Nice one
Customer 453250, October 7th, 2018
Customer 453035, March 8th, 2020
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
Show more